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Clough: A true footballing genius

Ten years after his death, TEAMtalk profiles Brian Clough - one of the game's greatest managers and most charismatic figures.

For those first weaned onto football at the outset of the Premier League, Brian Clough might have seemed a sad, tragic figure.

May 1, 1993 was the end of the beginning for the new-look top flight, but for Clough it was the final curtain as his Nottingham Forest side lost 2-0 at home to Sheffield United and ended the season finishing bottom.

The manager, ruddy-faced through years of heavy drinking, had just led Forest down and seemed a jarring anachronism in this new razzmatazz and fireworks era, yet the reception for Clough at the start and end of the match at the City Ground was one befitting a hero.

The plaudits could not have been more richly deserved, however. Here was a manager who, in the opinion of many - including himself - could make a valid claim to be the greatest British football had ever seen.

Two European Cups, two league titles, four League Cups, one European Super Cup and one old Second Division title is an excellent record in anyone's book.

To have achieved all that with two teams now resident in the Sky Bet Championship, two teams who had never been as successful before - or indeed since - makes it extraordinary, and is the reason why, 10 years on from his death from stomach cancer on September 20, 2004, he is still so fondly remembered.

His success as a manager perhaps wrongly masks his achievements as a player.

He joined Middlesbrough as a 17-year-old in 1952 but it took the dark-haired striker three years to break into the first team. Once he did, however, he did not look back and he was Boro's top scorer for three seasons in a row.

Finishing his Ayresome Park career with 204 goals from 213 games, Clough made the short journey north to join Sunderland where his career was cruelly cut short after colliding with a goalkeeper. Nevertheless, he ended his playing days having scored 251 goals in 274 matches, having played twice for his country.

His managerial career also began in his native north-east at the age of 30 with Hartlepool, then in the old Fourth Division.

It was a humble start for the man who would one day be proclaimed "the best manager England never had" but he was already putting in place the elements which would bring such huge success later on.

Bringing in close friend Peter Taylor was the masterstroke. Clough, as he would so often again, wrung every ounce of ability out of the players around him through a mixture of reverse psychology, tough training, an almost evangelical pursuit of football in its purest form and, in some cases, little short of bullying.

Pools won promotion for the first time in their Football League history at the end of the 1967-68 season, but by the time everything had come together at Victoria Park, the men responsible for their success had moved on to a new challenge.

Derby were languishing in the old Second Division when Clough took over at the Baseball Ground in 1967. Six years later they were playing in the semi-final of the European Cup against Italian giants Juventus.

Once again, it came about because of Clough's unique brand of man-management and his ability to get the very best out of even seemingly mediocre players.

The team was always the most important thing, and anyone guilty of immodesty - except for Clough himself - was sure to be on the end of one of his famous barbed remarks and quite possibly on the way out of the club.

By the time he left Derby after a fall-out with chairman Sam Longson for Brighton, the stories of Clough's methods - some would say madness - were legendary.

Seen on television telling one of his strikers that they "wanted bloody shooting" for missing a chance - in training - it was clear that here was a man who expected everyone around him to meet his high standards.

He took Derby up to the old First Division in his first full season in charge and in 1971-72 the Rams won the league title for the first time in their history.

His one-year spell at Brighton ended in 1974 when he was chosen to succeed the legendary Don Revie at Leeds.

The move did not work out for Clough or the Yorkshire club as his tendency to speak his mind wound up the team of champions he had inherited and within 44 days he was on his way out of Elland Road.

Such a short stay dented Clough's previously glowing reputation, so when he returned to the east midlands to take over at Nottingham Forest in January 1975 he had to prove himself all over again. His response was emphatic.

It took Clough slightly longer to turn Forest's fortunes around than it had at Derby, but the end result was far greater. Promotion was gained in 1976-77, and a year later, incredibly, they were champions of England and League Cup winners for good measure.

Clough built a fantastic team at the City Ground, with the likes of Kenny Burns, John Robertson, John McGovern and - perhaps best of all - goalkeeper Peter Shilton - key to the transformation.

If the Forest fairytale had ended there it would have been incredible enough. But in 1979, a diving header from Trevor Francis, Britain's first 1million player, secured the European Cup with a 1-0 win over Swedish side Malmo.

They finished second in the league and retained their League Cup crown in 1979. A year later, as if to prove it was no fluke, Forest won the European Cup again by beating Hamburg 1-0 thanks to a strike from Robertson.

Clough could have retired there and then and been deified in Nottingham, but he was to spend another 13 years at Forest.

As players came and went and Clough misfired on the transfer front (Justin Fashanu being the biggest mistake he made), his partnership with Taylor dissolved.

His sidekick retired, but then took on a coaching job at Derby and signed Forest's star man Robertson from under Clough's nose. This was an unforgivable act of treachery in Clough's view and when Taylor died in 1990 the rift between these once-great friends had still not been patched up.

Forest never again matched the achievements of 1979 and 1980, and the only thing left for Clough to achieve, it seemed, was to transfer his success at club level to the international game.

He was for years the people's choice to manage England, but the prospect of the brusque, often deliberately rude man from working-class Teesside stock rubbing shoulders with the grey establishment suits of the Football Association was one that frightened the latter too much.

He won the League Cup twice more in 1989 and 1990 and added the less illustrious Simod Cup and Zenith Data Systems Cup to Forest's silverware collection.

He was still eminently quotable and was always in the news, once for cuffing a fan around the head for having the temerity to run onto the pitch, but the miracles were at an end.

A final act of genius to keep Forest up in 1993 would have been the perfect ending. It was not to be, but by then Clough had already left his legacy to Forest.

Old Big Head he may have been, but his record backs up the boastfulness.

By Jamie Gardner, Press Association Sport


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